The Research Area Biesdorf offers a chance to experience the archaeology of Berlin. In a unique cooperation, the Museum für Vor- und Frühgeschichte (Museum of Prehistory and Early History), the Berlin Monument Authority, the Düppel Historic Village (Museumsdorf Düppel) and students of the Free University Berlin present the work of Berlin’s archaeologists.
The East-Berlin district of Marzahn-Hellersdorf, to which Biesdorf belongs, is known for its “Gardens of the World” (“Gärten der Welt”) and to an extent also for its buildings made of precast concrete slabs, the so-called Plattenbauten that were widely erected there during the times of the GDR. However, archaeologists have revealed that the district has much more to offer.
During preparation works for the construction of new buildings in Biesdorf, a total of 13 hectares of land was excavated between 1999 and 2014. This uncovered evidence of 10,000 years of settlement history along the small river Wuhle that runs through Biesdorf.
- How did the archaeologists find out about this?
- How do they know where to dig?
- Why are the findings from Biesdorf special?
These questions are answered in the special exhibition Berlin’s Largest Excavation. Research Area Biesdorf, which reveals how archaeologists work and what conclusions can be drawn from their research.
Reconstruction of archaeological finds and features
One of the key aspects of the exhibition is the reconstruction of archaeological finds and features.
Reconstruction of a well
Part of this is the reconstruction of a well which fabricated by the Düppel Historic village. In total, 84 wells were excavated in Biesdorf. Therefore, wells are one of the most prominent features from this area. The reconstructed well will be completed before a live audience on the “Vivid Archaeology Day” scheduled for 6 October 2019.
Replica of a Stone Age deer mask
In addition to this, a replica of a Stone Age deer mask has been specially manufactured for Berlin’s Largest Excavation. Research Area Biesdorf. While the original mask can be viewed, its replica can be touched and worn. Interactive stations within the exhibition are designed to encourage participation and allow visitors to gain a better understanding of the work of an archaeologist.
As a special feature, archaeology students from the Free University Berlin will regularly perform small excavations within the special exhibition and explain their work while doing so. At their special work site, the students will excavate what are known as “block excavations”. These blocks of earth were attained at field digs, in order to be able to later excavate them in detail under laboratory conditions. The precise dates of the live excavations will be announced when the special exhibition opens in autumn.