The German Reich attacks the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. By the end of the war the German Army makes prisoners of about 5.7 million Red Army soldiers. Their treatment is criminal. In all, over three million Soviet prisoners of war perish. Anti-Bolshevik and racist attitudes play just as much a role as the military and economic interests of the Nazi regime. In total, more than three million Soviet prisoners of war perish. A large number of them are shot. Most of them die of starvation and disease due to inadequate care, especially by the spring of 1942. In the Soviet Union, the survivors are confronted with the distrust of the authorities. They are under general suspicion of treason and have been socially disadvantaged for decades.
Although they are one of the largest categories of victims of German mass crimes, they are hardly commemorated to this day. The exhibition aims to bring the history of the Soviet prisoners of war closer to a broad public.
The exhibition offers a first introduction to the topic. A thematic overview up to the present day is given in nine chapters, biographies present individual fates, a map of Europe shows selected camp locations and the number of victims, and media stations enable research on selected memorial sites and a source-critical examination of photography(s).
Cooperation partners: German-Russian Museum Berlin-Karlshorst, German Historical Institute Moscow, Flossenbürg Concentration Camp Memorial, Lower Saxony Memorial Foundation, Volksbund German War Graves Commission
Funded by the cooperation partners and: Federal Foreign Office, Federal Commissioner of the Federal Government for Culture and the Media