The Plötzensee Memorial (Gedenkstätte Plötzensee) is dedicated to the victims of Nazi crimes both in Germany and abroad. Between 1933 and 1945, almost 3,000 people were executed here after being convicted by the Nazi justice system. They died either on the guillotine or by hanging. Among the individuals murdered here were people from all social classes and schools of political thought. Many of them were opponents of the Nazi dictatorship, including members of resistance groups and associations such as the Rote Kapelle, the Kreisauer Kreis and the elite group that organised the assassination attempt on Hitler's life on 20 July 1944. There were also a number of victims sentenced to death by German courts and executed here for the smallest offences. Several foreign prisoners from the occupied countries of Europe also lost their lives here.
The Plötzensee Memorial is a location for quiet remembrance. Today, the room in which most of the executions took place is a memorial space. In the adjacent room, en exhibition documents everyday practices and procedures involved in the Nazi justice system.
For more information about the individuals killed in Plötzensee, please visit the German Resistance Memorial and go online at www.gdw-berlin.de.